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In fact, the issue of privacy is one of the major differences from CMC within other social networks like Facebook.
Gibbs also remarked that because users do not have access to mutual friends as they would in Facebook, considering potential partners required a much more in depth process of reducing uncertainty Gibbs et al, , p. Indeed, predicting the level of self disclosure that users participated in was directly correlated to the privacy-related concerns of online dating sites.
Thus, since URT strategies mitigated these concerns, many users who reported success in online dating engaged in these strategies quite often.
Consequently, we can see that while the Facebook environment is different from online dating sites, users still engaged in similar strategies, albeit in different levels of intensity.
Gibbs also reported that although higher self-disclosure in online dating led to greater perceived success, her findings suggest that there are numerous key distinctions in the type of self-disclosure that was utilized. com members. As users have a choice as to what information they divulge, they can monitor the image that they project on potential partners. Interestingly, users did not always portray themselves in the most positive light as originally anticipated. In fact, while many users reported to be frankly honest for negative traits, this was detrimental to the perception of the other person.
This was accounted for by Gibbs with the hypothesis that users anticipated a future FtF interaction and did not want to take the risk of being caught lying Gibbs, , p. Self Presentation success, on the other hand, was attributed to positive self disclosure. In relation to URT, we see that users who perceived successful relationships did in fact disclose more information as the interaction went on. However, the type of disclosure was the major distinction.
Users who portrayed themselves more positively experienced more success in contrast to users who were more honest with negative characteristics. To recapitulate, the realm of online dating gives wonderful opportunity to research how FtF interaction theories like URT apply in CMC contexts. Drawing on early research from Berger and Calabrese , information seeking and predictability are strategies that helped people reduce uncertainty about people they meet in person.
Moreover, Gibbs et al also argued that since users tend to divulge information at the same rate as the other person, more open communication is the result of successful strategies that have reduced uncertainty about the other person. In a demographic context, Gudykunst argued that there were no major differences in how both men and women reduced uncertainty.
However, research papers did suggest that blacks tended to practice more interrogation than whites. Despite unflattering research about how the internet fostered a hostile environment, the development of online relationships was quite common.
Many of these even eventually led to a FtF interaction. As visual cues were absent, users improvised by offering textual cues like smileys. This made the overall impersonal experience much more humanesqe. According to Sheldon , Facebook interactions applied well to URT. As users interacted more, their level of uncertainty decreased. Furthermore, URT was also supported by the fact that respondents claimed that they could predict the behavior of their Facebook friends whom they interacted with the most.
In terms of online dating, sites like eHarmony were devised with scientific principles of human interaction in mind. Their Guided Communication process allowed for introductions based on compatibility criteria. Communication was also heavily mediated and private so that users could carry out their uncertainty reduction strategies with ease. According to Gibbs , CMC on Match.
com was highly relevant to URT. Because privacy and security were primary concerns, users tended to utilize uncertainty reduction strategies to get to know their matches. For instance, users tended to disclose more information as the other person divulged theirs. Another common practice was warranting, or using third party tools like Google searches, other friends or the internet in general to find out more about their potential partners.
This information seeking strategy also heavily supported URT. Finally, users who used these strategies tended to have more success in developing better relationships. However, it is important to note that the type of information shared was also important in online dating success. According to Gibbs , users experienced higher levels of perceived success when only positive information was disclosed.
This was most likely true because users that interacted with one another anticipated a FtF encounter in which their lies would potentially be exposed.
As technology has forced how we communicate and find mates to change rapidly, classical theories on interaction like URT still apply.
Even with the absence of visual cues, users within a controlled environment still tended to exhibit behavior similar to FtF interaction. Most notably, information seeking strategies and disclosure based on mutual openness were highly consistent trends.
This suggests that even though we communicate in different contexts, the same basic premises still apply. People still use relevant cues and specific strategies to reduce uncertainty and decide if they want to pursue interaction with individuals.
Finally, the help of mediated environments like eHarmony and Match. com offers support that meaningful relationships can be found using CMC. About eHarmony. Dawkins, M. How it's Done: Using Hitch as a Guide to Uncertainty Reduction Theory. Communication Teacher, 24 3 , Gibbs, J. First Comes Love, Then Comes Google: An Investigation of Uncertainty Reduction Strategies and Self-Disclosure in Online Dating.
Communication Research, 38 1 , g Self-Presentation in Online Personals : The Role of Anticipated Future Interaction, Self-Disclosure, and Perceived Success in Internet Dating. Communication Research, 33 2 , Griffin, E. A first look at communication theory 7th ed.
New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. Gudykunst, W. The Influence of Ethnicity, Gender, and Dyadic Composition on Uncertainty Reduction in Initial Interactions. Journal of Black Studies, 18 2 , Parks, M. Making Friends in Cyberspace. Journal of Communication, 46 1 , Sheldon, P. You'll poke me! Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 3 2 , This blog post is provided free of charge and we encourage you to use it for your research and writing.
However, we do require that you cite it properly using the citation provided below in MLA format. Ultius, Inc. Ultius Custom Writing and Editing Services, 24 Apr. This citation is in MLA format, if you need help with MLA format, click here to follow our citation style guide. Ultius Blog, 24 Apr. Click here for more help with MLA citations. Research Paper on Online Dating.
Modern online dating serves represent some kind of thematic social network. In this social network, as in every other, user has all the different demands you can imagine.
In this light, it seems obvious the advantage of online dating as the ability to choose a partner based on wide range criteria, the possibility of preliminary communication with the potential partner so that you can understand whether this is really the person you need.
The disadvantages of such services are the presence of many people who are not quite adequate psychologically, as well as all sorts of crooks and liars.
Therefore, for students who study psychology or sociology this topic can be of great interest. Anyway, students who choose to write research paper on online dating should thoroughly investigate the subject to be able to consider it from all the existing perspectives. To write research proposal on online dating services, college students have to be ready to perform a big deal of work. They must find the most persuasive arguments so that their research paper would be properly presented.
Besides that, it is necessary that they would understand how to outline thesis statement and bring up a conclusion. These little but very important details students can easily learn in free example research proposals on online dating.
Free research papers, examples of research papers and research paper samples on Dating are easily traced by plagiarism checkers like Turnitin. All online research papers are plagiarized. You can order a custom research paper on this topic at our professional research paper writing agency. This makes it very easy for the scammers as they know upon hacking the system they can be able to get all the needed data. With the technology advancement and high hacking skills developing to greater heights, individuals who have the habit of sharing too much personal information may find themselves at the danger of being kidnapped or hurt as the information taken by scammers may be used against the individual in a divorce, medical, employment of in custody lawsuit.
Online dating has been blamed for creating a chopper mentality among the users. Upon logging in the site, the site generates possible matches that can be used by the person interested to date Wright Therefore, in the invent there is a problem there is a high likelihood of being dumped and the other person picking somebody else who has less baggage.
Moreover, when individuals are not able to commit to one person, there is a lot of time wasted as the person does not see the need to put forth the effort, time and commitment in one person. In summary, despite online dating is one of the trendy catches in getting a partner, there are identified disadvantages that can make an individual not to take the risk.
Some of the discussed problems of online dating are, the data is permanently stored thus can be hacked, there are scammers, distance is a barrier, shopping mentality created, deceitful information provided and expectations may not be met. Therefore, based on the identified disadvantages it is very critical for the person willing to engage in online dating to entirely be aware of both the perceived advantages and disadvantages. Bateson, Deborah J.
Brym, Robert J. ca, February 6 Chiasson, Mary Ann, et al. Fiore, Andrew Rocco Tresolini. Romantic regressions: An analysis of behavior in online dating systems.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Wright, Kevin B. If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the thesishelpers. org website, please click below to request its removal:. Need a unique essay? Research Paper Example: The Disadvantages of Online Dating Back to categories.
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This is a blog on computer mediated communication and online dating. The following sample research paper shows how those who engage in online dating undergo a sociological process of reducing uncertainty. Social networking sites have shown to be the main driving force behind online dating and much research has done been on this behalf to show how it is changing the rules of dating, so to speak.
Technology has undoubtedly changed the way that human beings communicate with one another today. As the internet has expanded heavily in the last ten years, so have online products and services that utilize communication on a mass scale. As more users are using the internet, CMC is popular within the context of Social Networking Sites SNS.
Within the realm of SNS, online dating sites like eHarmony, Match. com and even Tinder have also become popular because they are tailored to individuals looking to meet potential mates. According to Gibbs et al , over ten million Americans have a profile on at least one dating website p. Internationally, Match. com has over twelve-million members Gibbs, , p. This new technological landscape of communication poses both risks and opportunities for the user who is looking to find a potential mate.
Moreover, communication over the internet also offers great research opportunities regarding whether traditional studies of communication among humans applies in this online context. One such theory, Uncertainty Reduction Theory URT , predicted that there are seven factors in human exchange and three basic, yet essential, strategies that humans utilize in reducing anxiety when meeting another person Twente, N. While the implementation of social networking and dating sites have changed the way in which we communicate with one another, the rules of social interaction according to URT still apply, albeit in different contexts.
Firstly, it is important to define relevant terms and premises that will aid our discussion. com or E-Mail. Face to Face hereafter referred to as FtF interaction is the traditional face to face interaction that exists among humans where visual cues are present. A critical premise of our discussion is that people who use online dating sites via CMC are using it in the hope that it will lead to eventual FtF communication. Another important term will be self-monitor.
The concept of being a self-monitor will be integral in our discussion of online dating because the information we choose to display online is usually highly selective and for the purpose of attracting a mate for a FtF interaction. Finally, URT will refer to the classic theory by Berger that theorized that humans use specific strategies and cues before divulging more personal information p. URT will be discussed more thoroughly later in the paper. In our discussion, it is important to review relevant literature regarding technology, use of social media and relationships , communication and online dating in general.
Firstly, we will discuss the original theories regarding FtF communication as outlined in URT. Berger and Calabrese , Dawkins, and Gibbs et al, will give relevant background information and details. Moreover, Twente N. will outline the specific strategies and factors that influence human behavior regarding reducing uncertainty. Gudykunst will also discuss how URT applies within the contexts of different ethnicities and sex.
This will allow us to get comprehensive background information. Next, it is important to have a basic understanding of how CMC developed and the early schools of thought that analyzed this interaction Parks, While highly pessimistic, Parks offered evidence that online relationships can not only be successful, but can develop into eventual FtF interaction.
Sheldon will show that interaction on Facebook offers a wealth of information regarding how we deal with uncertainty within a network where we tend to know most of the individuals in person, or have at least met them on one occasion. Also, Sheldon will demonstrate that individuals in SNS use specific cues and elements of interaction alongside strategies of URT to predict their behavior.
Finally, we will investigate how online dating sites like eHarmony integrate scientific principles of communication and how well they apply to URT. A general view of the process of meeting individuals and how communication is facilitated will be offered by the eHarmony website eHarmony, N. This will allow us to analyze exactly how applicable URT is to CMC settings and how well the dating service tailors to the different context of communication.
Furthermore, we will look at case studies specific to online dating sites like Match. com and eHarmony. Gibbs will provide an in-depth study of Match. com members to show that in an online setting, members tend to practice similar uncertainty reduction strategies in anticipation of a FtF meeting.
Specifically, what strategies are mostly utilized and what cues are critical to the overall interaction. In meeting new people FtF, we tend to engage in behaviors that reduce our uncertainty about the other person. This original URT was supplemented by Berger by including that humans tend to reduce uncertainty by utilizing one or all of the three strategies: passive, active and interactive Dawkins, , p. Of the strategies listed, observing others where the person is likely to act natural is passive while being in direct contact with them is active Twente, N.
An interactive strategy, however, includes communicating with the person directly in an effort to find out more about the person. The interactive strategy of engaging in information seeking behavior is by far the most important aspect of reducing uncertainty.
This means that as we meet new people, we want to find out more about them to reduce our uncertainty about them. However, studies suggest that we are also hesitant to divulge personal information about ourselves so easily. This means that as we are looking for information about others, we tend to only divulge information at the same rate as other people do in FtF communication. This would make sense as we tend to fear judgment by other people that we do not know as well.
There also exist some demographic differences in URT. According to William Gudykunst and Mitchell Hammer in The Influence of Ethnicity, Gender, and Dyadic Composition on Uncertainty Reduction In Initial Interactions, there were differences among blacks and whites in their communicative behavior.
Moreover, their results did not suggest that gender played a role in using uncertainty reduction strategies Gudykunst, , p. This means that men and women tend to act similarly in reducing uncertainty in social situations. Essentially, the URT strategy of information seeking was higher in those that were more self-conscious of their behavior. Other than that, ethnicity and gender did not affect URT in the FtF context that the study was researched within. Next, it is important to understand the early schools of thought and development of online communication.
His literature review argued that this was true because people within CMC settings exert more verbal aggression, blunt disclosure and negative behavior in comparison to groups in FtF settings Parks, , p. Despite the negative feedback from other scholars, Parks found evidence that online relationships can develop and people can adapt their behavior to account for the missing aspects of interaction, like physical proximity and frequency.
For instance, even in early as , Parks argued that online settings can foster the growth of meaningful relationships, despite the shortcomings of missing cues in FtF communication. Even more surprising is the notion that the relationships that developed online tended to expand to FtF communication over time:. Although nearly all respondents used direct E-mail About a third had used the telephone The average number of channels used was 2.
These findings imply that relationships that begin on line rarely stay there Parks, , p. This research implies that even as early in , the internet and CMC did foster the development of new relationships that eventually extended out of the scope of online interaction. This had a lot to do with how users managed uncertainty with the tools they had.
Since visual and aural cues were not always present, the use of smileys and other improvised cues were used to develop rapport with other individuals Parks, , p. Essentially, the way that people communicated online in involved an adaptation of visual cues to textual ones.
By , the growth of online dating sites resulted in services that were tailored specifically to meet the needs to people looking to find relationships online. These services were designed to facilitate, foster and encourage the growth of successful relations that extended outside of CMC. Her study of college students suggested that URT did apply cohesively in this CMC setting: users who interacted a lot tended to experience less uncertainty Sheldon, , p.
Indeed, from to , not much has changed in terms of what is possible within the realm of CMC. While users can share photos, videos and other forms of multimedia, the factors of proximity and physical cues are still not there.
Essentially, CMC settings are successful in fostering relationships because visual cues are not requirements of interaction and when they are necessary, textual cues were seen to be comparable alternatives. Facebook relationships thrive on the level of intimacy within self-disclosure. This means that the more we disclose to others in terms of quality, not so much quality, the more meaningful the relationship becomes. This supports URT because as we disclose more and trust others, we develop stronger relationships.
As we develop stronger online relationships, we reduce the overall uncertainty about the other person. Thus, interactions on Facebook appear more like FtF communication than meets the eye.
As predictability was also a critical aspect of URT, the evidence would suggest that CMC relationships that developed on Facebook took on the same conventional characteristics of FtF interactions. Consequently, while the context for communication is entirely different in an online setting, the means and social processes involved in developing friendships was still consistent. However, it is important to understand that Facebook offers an environment where we tend to know most of our connections in person, see their pictures and have the ability to seek out information and context clues from their activity.
Therefore, it is also important to study how URT and the strategies apply in CMC when we do not necessarily know or have existing FtF relationships with the other person. Such a case study is other online dating sites.
eHarmony offers a great example to understand how URT applies to a CMC setting where users may not know their connections very well. Neil Warren utilized his 35 years of clinical experience to launch a service that would utilize scientific research on CMC to help people develop meaningful relationships in a safe environment eHarmony, N. Essentially, the important aspects of information seeking behavior are met with this guided communication.
Users can browse profiles based on relevant criteria and a controlled communication environment is there to carefully foster interaction, if any. Luckily, research has been done on behalf of online dating sites to analyze CMC in online dating communities. In this comprehensive study of respondents who use at least one online dating site such as eHarmony or Match. com , Gibbs sought to identify if URT strategies were utilized and if so, which ones. Even more interesting is the issue of privacy and security.
Gibbs remarked that security issues were the most important factor that influenced uncertainty reduction behaviors Gibbs et al, , p. Basically, the extent to which URT applied to the results was based on security issues. As users were concerned with who they were communicating with, they engaged in more information seeking strategies.
There were also other notable results. In addition to information seeking behavior, users also tended to utilize warranting reducing uncertainty and overcoming security concerns.
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Thus, interactions on Facebook appear more like FtF communication than meets the eye. Online dating holes a lot of disadvantages as will be explored in the paper since the only interaction is online to interact with the virtual person without an assurance of having a face-to-face meeting. Fiore, Andrew Rocco Tresolini. Feel free to place a free inquiry at our website now:. Also, Sheldon will demonstrate that individuals in SNS use specific cues and elements of interaction alongside strategies of URT to predict their behavior.You can order a custom research paper on this topic at our professional research paper writing agency. This new technological landscape of communication poses both risks and opportunities for the user who is looking to find a potential mate. Finally, we will investigate how online dating sites like eHarmony integrate scientific principles of communication and how well they apply to URT. In our discussion, it is important to review relevant literature regarding technology, use of social media and relationshipscommunication and online dating in general. However, online dating research papers, research papers did suggest that blacks tended to practice more interrogation than whites. Chiasson, Mary Ann, et al. However, it is important to online dating research papers that Facebook offers an environment where we tend to know most of our connections in person, see their pictures and have the ability to seek out information and context clues from their activity.